Bazars Of Kolkata

Kolkata is esteemed for its rich cultural heritage and erudition.

Glimpse of Kolkata

From typical bengali outfits to contemporary outfits, there is art and celebration of colors in every nook and corner of Kolkata. Besides, fondness for literature and decorative items among the Bengali Culture can’t be brush aside. There is a real buzz about this place.

And it outspread through numerous markets. Among all, few are extensively popular and preferred worldwide. Like Mallick Ghat Flower Market, New Market, and College Street.

Mallick Bazar Flower Market

The Mallick Ghat Flower Market is a sight to behold and cherish the essence of fresh flowers. And what makes this market more magnificent is the Howrah Bridge towering above. It stretches to Mallick Ghat flanked with flower shops on either side. Back then it was built by Ram Mohun Mallick in the year 1855. To date, it’s been 166 years and it’s still counting. Its the largest wholesale flower market in Kolkata, one of the largest in Asia.

The Market starts around 4 am in the dawn, yet chaotic, filthy and bustling with activities. The flower sellers from adjacent areas come with different types of flowers and set up their business in three shifts by their compatibility. It is also a popular place for photographers who want to snap some of the spectacular shots.

New Market

The spot where your necessities and extravagant means come under the same roof or nearby. From groceries to accessories, everything is available at New Market. Located at Lindsay Street, Shakespeare Sarani.

This age-old market created during the colonial rule enjoys widespread patronage even today. And its delights to more than 2,000 stalls selling from clothing to cheese and fruit, feathers and flesh. Amidst this chaos of vendors and shoppers, you can find any item at a reasonable rate. Besides, it’s also a food paradise location.

College Street (Boipara)

Besides fondness for flowers and other accessories, Kolkata is esteemed for its knowledge and literature. And in the narrow lanes of Ganesh Chandra Avenue Crossing in Bowbazar Avenue and Mahatma Gandhi Road comes the spot of books lovers and learned people where they stroll over numerous book shops with their old friends, learning its endearing name Boi Para.

College Street is the largest book market and preferable place for kids to aged people. All kinds of books are available here. Besides Coffee House, Kolkata is making it more nostalgic.

With this, coming to an end of the few renowned markets of Kolkata and their bustling activity. Each one of them has their own history and to date making it nostalgic and magnificent.

Tale of 118-year Old Jewish Bakery

Nahoum’s and Sons

” I want to have a good body ,but not as much as I want dessert.”
– Jasson Love
I guess Bengalis took this very seriously. In Bengal, desserts are integral to the way of life. It’s more of an emotion than delicacy.
The food culture of Kolkata has been infulenced by several immigrant communities that have lived here for hundreds of years.
In the midst of newer names, Nahoum’s has quite being the promising one . It’s 118 year -old Jewish Bakery. And the most nostalgic fact of this place is the decor of the bakery has not changed an inch -be it the teak wood furniture, classic style glass displays or the flooring.

The bakery was found by Nahoum Israel Mordecai, a Baghdadi Jew, in the year 1902. He used to sell baked treats door to door from a small outlet in this city. And it’s speciality is they focused on age-old family recipes and stood the test of time for over a decade.
It wasn’t until 1916 however, that the eponymous story – Nahoum and Sons, the actual name was established in the New Market area. Till date, the story runs from the same location.

The exquisite taste of iconic fruitcakes, macaroons, brownies,rum ball ,cake ,cashew nut rings are enough to explain the rising Nahoum’s fans in the city.
No doubt , kolkatanas of all ages continue to love Nahoum’s , driven by the old decor and it’s old recipes which offers great taste.

118 year old Jewish Bakery , New Market, Kolkata.

COLLEGE STREET COFFEE HOUSE: a place of vehemence

Coffee House’er shei adda’ta aaj aar nei (That Coffee House adda is long gone now) is an ode to the College Street Cofee House, by renowned singer Manna Dey which not only preserving the tenderness cognate with that cafe but also keeping the vibes vibrant and alive through the ages.

Located at 15, Bankim Chandra Street, Near Presidency College, Kolkata, West Bengal. And for many, it is not just a cafe, is a place of vehemence. Its ambiance is deeply etched in the intellectual, political, artistic, and cultural ethos. Over the ages, it has been a regular hang out and a renowned meeting place for every age group.

Coffee House, College Street

From college learners to elder people and from discussing political thoughts to sharing and wring poetry is done over a cup of coffee with a delightful nosh at a reasonable price.

Besides, notable individuals like Samik Bandhopadhay, Soumitra Chatterjee, Malini Bhattacharya, Arun Ganguly, Ashim Chatterjee, Shakti Chattopadhyay, Ritwik Ghatak have been just a few among patrons of the cafe.

Satyajit Ray, Amartya Sen, Mrinal Sen, and Aparna Sen were regular visitors.

Amartya Sen at Coffee House

Back then, the history of the College Street Coffee House can be traced to Albert Hall, which was founded in April 1876. Later, the Coffee Board of Indian Coffee Workers’ Co-operatives who run the network of a restaurant chain in the name of Indian Coffee House decided to start a coffee joint from the Albert Hall in 1942. In 1947, the Central Government changed the name of the place to Coffee House. Now popularly known as “College Street Coffee House is the most famous Coffee House branch in Kolkata.

It’s not just a cafe, it’s a place of vehemence

And if you are looking for that adda session in a classic and vintage ambiance in this millennial culture and want to relive the old days with quintessential Bengali vibrancy, is the ideal place.

The classic place in this millennial era

2020: A juncture that calls for self-exploration

Is not it natural for anyone to eagerly wait for their adulthood to start? And I guess not just adulthood like everything associated with it: your final board exams, your fresher’s party, your new college life, and making new friends and starting that phase with immense excitement.

A fantasy world for which we all wait eagerly

You all have must plan about all these. Unlike me, you could also execute them.

And like the movie or web series has twists and turns, so as in not real life and the twist is the Covid -19 pandemic and its subsequent consequences which are still an unsolved issue of worldwide.

2020 : Pandemic

Witnessing a lot of changes but that’s when the Shakespeare phrase: Sweets are the uses of adversity. This phrase originated from his famous play: “As You Like it”. In that scene, where this phrase was used, the dramatist considered adversity to be a blessing in disguise and compared it to toads. Toads although, ugly they have a jewel in their head, according to the playwright.

sweets are the uses of adversity

Likewise, 2020 was such a year where I went through a tough phase yet the outcome is enlightening. I got to figure out my life and sort things up. Earlier I used to be heading on in such a field where I was not at all passionate. But then, I got to understand and accept me where I called for that path which I would love to walk on. Not only that, explored various fields on the e-the platform like worked as a PR, Content Writer, comprehended editing and videography, and got associated with clubs and media pages. And every day is now like an opportunity for me to explore myself more and what else can I do for making my days on this planet count.

Also, convinced my family and finally opted for a mass communication degree as I long for travel blogs and travel photography.

Travelling is the only stuff I live for

With this, coming to an end of the story of 2020 and thus it is only in times of adversity, that the human soul transcends and rises above the mundane forms of life.

Heading on to a new decade with a new life and following my passion and hopefully, things will go well and will see myself as a travel writer someday.

New Decade has started.

Seashore meets Cultural Heritage: PURI, Odisha

Char Dham Yatra has a great significance in not only Indian tourism but also in Indian culture especially the Hindus who believe that a yatra to the Char Dham washes away all the sins of a person and takes her/him to ‘Moksha’. It’s the different abodes of God widely revered by the Hindus. These destinations are scattered across four different directions of India: Badrinath in the north, Rameshwaram in the south, Dwarka in the west, and Puri in the east.

CHAR DHAM

Puri, located in the state of Odisha in eastern India is a city and a municipality on the Bay of Bengal, south of the state capital of Bhubaneswar. And it’s not only sacred because of Jagannath Temple, but also a beach city which is one of the favorites for both Indians and Foreigners.

PURI: ONE OF THE MOST SIGNIFICANT PLACES OF INDIA

Chronology :

Since ancient times, Puri has been known by name like Purushamandama-grama. Over time name got changed to Purushottama Puri and was further shortened to Puri, and the Purusha came to be known as Jagannatha. Another ancient name was spelled by Hiuen Tsang Che-li -ta-lo. Also, has a popular vernacular name Srikshetram.

Festivals and Visiting Places :

Back in the 1970s Puri was a much popular destination among hippies due to the legalization of Bhang, and today also it’s a popular one among not only backpackers, but also turning out to be a desirable family trip destination for its cultural heritage, beach, and arts and craft like sand art, applique art, Oddisi dance and other surrounding places.

SAND ART OF PURI
ODDISI DANCE

Puri witnesses 24 festivals every year, of which 13 are major. The importance of these is the Ratha Yatra, held in June-July, which is attended by more than 1 million people, the Puri Beach festival, held in November every year, and the Shreekshetra Utsav , held in December- January. And another prime attraction is the Golden Triangle of Orissa: Puri, Konark, and Bhuvneshwar.

RATH YATRA

The other lot of places near Puri one must visit, like the Chilika Lake, Gundicha Ghar, the Sun temple of Konark,
Nandankanan Zoological Park, Udaygiri and Khandagiri Caves, and the most impressive and important one which is certainly not to be missed if you are in puri is the Jagannatha Temple, for which Puri is recognized.

NANDANANKANON NATIONAL PARK
TEMPLE
SUN TEMPLE, KONARK

Accommodation and Transportation:

With a plethora of hotels and homestays, the tourist like to stay near the New Marine Drive. And one can reach puri by any means of transportation. The ideal months to take a trip to Puri are between October and February. Those who wish to witness the Rath Yatra can tour between June and July.

IDOL OF JAGANNATHA

With that, you must have concluded that coastal charm meets cultural heritage here. And throughout the year it’s a buzzing location, certainly can’t miss this paradise.

OLDEST SPOT IN ONE: NEW MARKET, Kolkata

Have you ever come across a spot where your necessities and extravagant means come under the same roof or nearby? If not, you must pay a visit to Kolkata’s oldest and most well-known market: New Market.

NEW MARKET : OLDEST MARKET OF KOLKATA

This age-old market created during the colonial rule enjoys widespread patronage even today. And its delights to more than 2,000 stalls selling from clothing to cheese and fruit, feathers and flesh. Amidst this chaos of vendors and shoppers, you can find any item at a reasonable rate.

Before we go on let’s take a few steps backward and read the pages of the chronology of New Market. It was the first municipal market established in the year 1874 at Lindsay Street, for the British residents of India in Victorian Gothic style. Christened as Sir Stuart Hogg Market in 1903 and later shortened as Hogg Market.
Although primarily “New Market” referred to the original enclosed market, today in local parlance, the entire shopping spot is known as “New Market”.

New Market, 1945

Despite the appearance of new air-conditioned, shopping malls all over Kolkata, this market, which has survived three devastating fires (December 13, 1985, July 20, 2011, and May 18, 2015) and regular flooding, remains at the core of the shopping experience in the city.
Undoubtedly the Historical Bargain Shopper’s Paradise: where bargaining is like a norm. And another prime attraction is the iconic red-brick clock tower.

Stuart Hogg Market (current picture)

You can pay a visit from Monday to Friday from 10 am to 8 pm and until 2:30 pm on Saturday. It’s closed on Sunday. Guides are available for hire for a nominal fee for leading you to the best goods for the best price effortlessly. Equally popular with both Indians and tourists. Even you can go on a walking tour of New Market like this one offered by Kolkata Magic.

On usual days, it’s crowded but the market can be overwhelmingly chaotic particularly before festivals. Not only that, there are several renowned confectioners: Nahoum and sons (estd: 1902), Kalimpong Cheese, and Bandel Cheese are local cheese available only in New Market. And the spot comes alive with people eating, drinking, and spending quality time is well worth it.

Kolkata’s Jewish Heritage : Nahoum and Sons

This ultimate paradise of everything is one you can for.

Crowds of New Market

The Virgin Beach is yet to be explored

Tajpur, popularly known as the “Virgin Beach” can be the right weekend beach destination for people who are looking to spend some time in isolation and serenity.
Located in East Medinipur, in the state of West Bengal, India on the shore of Bay of Bengal, and shares good connectivity from the state capital Kolkata. It is set between Mandarmani and Shankarpur.

Tajpur: The Virgin Beach

The beach with a dense of tamarisk trees has recently gained prominence because of being one of the most secluded, unexplored beaches around the bustling city of Kolkata. Not only this, it’s unique inverted crescent shape offers a wonderful view of the horizon and the sea. And in the dawn, it’s like the red carpet is greeting all the people out there. This is yet another prime attraction of Tajpur Beach, the Red crabs.
Seagulls are also being seen at the break of dawn here at Tajpur.

Tamarisk Trees

What Tajpur can offer you?

From adventure sports, pisciculture to a foodie’s paradise Tajpur is an exact plethora of everything. The place has 1400 acres of land specifically dedicated to pisciculture and fish farming. You can even pay a visit to one of the fishermen’s villages and try some scrumptious local cuisines like lobster puns , and other dry fishes with refreshing hard drinks.

Lobster Puns: Popular Food Item of Tajpur

Best Time

The best juncture to visit Tajpur Beach is during the onset of winter from October to February. It is usually between 23 and 12 degrees Celsius yet pleasant climate. And it is not advisable to visit during the monsoon season as the tides during those months are high, also experiences flooding in some areas.
The accommodation is cheap and fair. So, another perk of this place. And you can reach here by any means of conveyance like by air, train, four-wheelers or even two-wheeler if you wish.


So, if next time you think of any weekend trip, Tajpur is your destination.

The Aftermath of Covid-19 in day to day life

The impact of corona virus pandemic in daily life has been largely disruptive in various sectors. The following three sectors witnessing several changes and have been going through turmoil in the last few months.

The aftermath of Covid -19

Education

Shutting down of schools abruptly, exposed the huge inequality between impoverished and privileged pupils as learning moved online turned passive. Homeschooling commenced at a short notice proves daunting. And the children with disabilities have already fallen behind. The suspension of feeding schemes is detrimental as many pupils rely on these meals for their basic needs. Also, remote learning thrust female exploitation.
The future of freshers has been skeptical as the marking scheme was not so beneficial, the admission procedure needed to re-look, and overseas education is forbidden. Lastly, changes that are so disruptive also like to bring with it a new opportunity that is the model of blended learning.

Online learning

Working

Unemployment, reduced spending, pandemic, and the subsequent lockdown has had a devastating effect on the working sector.

termination, pay-cuts led to protests against the employers

The hotel industry, tourism, transport, and the handicraft industry are the most affected employers as they fall under the nonessential category. Even witnessed cash flow deficiency due to which pay-cut, layoffs, and termination measures have been taken by the employers. And work from home is encouraged. Meanwhile, factories producing shops, tissues, and personal productive equipment(PPE) stuff reportedly experiencing growth in their business. Several startups have been started to meet at least essential expenses which show an optimistic turn in the Indian economy.

Social

Besides other sectors, the social sector witnessed several disruptions.No kinds of political, social, sports, cultural and religious, and large congregations are permitted to date. Subsequent curfews prevailed. Public transportation was forbidden for quite a long time. Everything got transferred from real to virtual. Instead of the auditorium, social media platforms like Zoom, Google Meet have been our reaching out platforms for the last periodic juncture. As out of adversity comes opportunity. And this time the opportunity is having quality time with family. For being home quarantined, people got the amount of time to figure out their lives in possible means.

No Social Gathering

Two years back , on this day love was chose over sexuality by Supreme Court

LOVE IS LOVE …IT DOES NOT FIT IN TERMS OF SEXUALITY

SC gave approval to LGBT community yet they are struggling every other day for their love and we need to stand with them not for them . As love is above all .

And today I thought of sharing a part of their story through a movie starring Ayushmann Khurana and Jetendra Kumar as lead. Also with mine views.

We all have seen this frame back in DDLJ and now again in Shubh Mangal Zyada Sabdhan … In former it was Simran and Raj and in the latter its Aman and Kartik .
You know what if we see this frame from the outlook of two bodies we might see a difference . But in case we get deeply engrossed in this frame and try to make a perception we would find no difference.
It’s only love actually ” pure love ” why you know as they are fighting every other day for acceptance .
We all say that they should be ashamed of themselves but actually we should be .
Because we measure the best feeling of this world in terms of sexuality .

Dude , grow up love does not fit in terms of sexuality. Its way more than that and it takes a lot to love someone to such an extent where you are ready to sacrifice anything so as to get love and being loved. Not all can do that .

You don’t create an awkward situation for a straight person so why for others . Everyone is unique and that takes to the point where the journey is being started.
Hats off to them who have make it possible and also to them who would in future.
And before saying “LOVE IS LOVE” Make sure you feel it from inside .
As Simran and Raj was a hit pair so as this one Kartik and Aman.

DIL WALE DULHANIA LE JAYENGE X SHUBH MANGAL ZYADA SABDHAN

By SHUBHANGI

NEW EDUCATION POLICY 2020

New Education Policy 2020

The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved the New Education Policy (NEP) which replaced the 34-year-old National Policy on Education, framed in 1986. One of the major decision, the Cabinet has renamed the Ministry of Human Resource and Development (MHRD) as the Ministry of Education. Another major decision is Higher education institutions will be governed by Independent Boards, with complete academic and administrative autonomy. The formation and appointment
of the Board, the Chair and the Vice Chancellor/Director (Chief Executive) will ensure elimination of external interference, including from the government, and will enable the engagement of high-capacity people with commitment to the institution. All higher education institutions will become autonomous self-governing entities and the practice of ‘affiliation’ will be stopped. ‘Affiliated colleges’ will be supported to develop into autonomous degree granting colleges and ‘affiliating universities’ will develop into vibrant multidisciplinary institutions.

Salient features of NEP :
1. It replaced 10+2 format to 5+3+3+4 keeping in mind a child’s development and capabilities.
2. Health cards to be issued to monitor the (both physical and mental) healthof the students along with nutritious breakfast and mid-day meal .
3. There would be no rigid separation between streams and a flexible curriculum would be provided to the students in order to enable them to choose subject combination at the school level.
5. Education Sector got 6% Gross Domestic Product which was earlier 1.7%. It would help in reduction of expenses for education purpose.
6. Standardization of Indian Sign Language across the nation for use by students with hearing impairment.
7. Children with disabilities will be enabled to fully participate in the regular schooling process from the foundational state to higher education with all the necessity facilities.
8. Board examination can be conducted twice a year in order to reduce stress off the students. The pattern would be of : objective and descriptive.
9. Bag-less days would be encouraged throughout the year for various activities including arts, sports, vocational crafts ,so on.
10. Vocational education would be mandatory in school level through both online and offline mode.
11. By 2030, the minimum degree qualification for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.ED degree. The practice of ‘para-teachers'( unqualified , contract teachers) will be stopped across the country by 2022.
12. Special Education Zones will be set up in disadvantaged regions across the country.
13. The policy provides for financial support to individual students through a National find created specifically for providing scholarships and financial support to the un-represented groups.
14. Women’s participation and education of girls to address the gender imbalance among school teachers and girls students, education of tribal, caste and religion-based groups to ensure that children of these communities receive all the benefits earmarked for them, education of children of urban poor families in order to help students to navigate life in urban poor areas and education of children with special needs as well as transgender children with continued and renewed focus to mainstream children in neighbourhood schools from foundational stage to Grade 12 are other illustrative interventions of this policy.
15. Universalization from ECCE to secondary education by 2030, aligning with SDG4 .
16. Attaining Foundational Learning and numeracy skills through National Mission by 2025.
17. 100% GER in pre school to secondary level by 2023.
18. Inclusive and equitable education system by 2030.
19. Children learn languages, most quickly between 2-8 years, and multilingualism has great cognitive benefits for students. Therefore a three-language formula has been proposed.
20. A new independent State School Regulatory Authority (SSRA) to be created
21. It aims to consolidate 800 universities & 40,000 colleges into around 15,000 large, multidisciplinary institutions.
22. Its emphasis on mother tongue-based education and oral language development are critical
23. The policy focuses on online learning as an alternative to regular classroom interaction between teachers and students. It helps in achieving the twin objectives of cutting costs and increasing enrollment
24. It aims to protect and promote our culture through the study of classical languages, mother tongues, and regional languages
25. The teacher education system will be transformed, with rigorous preparation through a four-year integrated stage and subject-specific programs offered in multi-disciplinary institutions
26. It talks about the better engagement of the private sector and provisioning for government funding for R&D work through a proposed national research fund.
27. Professional education will become an integral part of the higher education system.
28. The undergraduate degree may be of 3 or 4 years duration. Institutions may offer
multiple exit options within this period, with appropriate certification, an
advanced diploma in a discipline or field (including vocational and professional
areas) after completing 2 years of study or a certificate after completing 1 year. The 4-year programme will provide students the opportunity to experience the full range of liberal education. This will be called the Bachelor of Liberal Arts in the chosen major and minors. The 3-year programme will lead to a Bachelors’ degree. Both
programmes may lead to a degree ‘with honours,’ if the students does research work. Certain professional streams (e.g. teacher education, engineering, medicine, law) may only have a 4-year duration (or more) for the undergraduate degree. Institutions will have the flexibility to offer different designs of Master’s programmes, e.g., there may be 2-year programme with the second year devoted entirely to research, for those who have completed the 3-year undergraduate programme; there may be an integrated 5-year Master’s programme; and for students completing a 4- year undergraduate degree with honours, there could be a 1-year Master’s programme. Undertaking a PhD shall require either a Master’s degree or a 4-year undergraduate degree with honours.

29. Adult education would also be provided through tv , articles , websites and also through offline mode.


Drawbacks in the Draft National Education Policy:


1. It lacks discussion about what it takes to prepare teachers to successfully teach foundational literacy in a multilingual country. Instead, the document recommends recruiting volunteers and community members to support the acquisition of early literacy. Volunteers can be used, but cannot be a primary mechanism to deliver foundational literacy to students
It misdiagnoses the causes behind the severe learning crisis – namely poor school and teacher accountability. There is no fundamental reform proposed for revamping the accountability structures for schools. Instead, the NEP provides school management committees (SMCs). SMCs already mandated under the RTE Act are ineffectual.
With the democratization of knowledge and availability of technology for easy access to information, the draft should have focused more on how to teach and not only on what to teach.

2. The National Research Foundation (NRF) is tasked with “permeating the culture of research and innovation” and addressing societal challenges. But, there is no mechanism, such as innovative curricula or extension units, for tier II or tier III institutions to work on local problems. It has no access or accountability to people or their representatives.

3. The Constitution puts education in the Concurrent List, giving authority and responsibility to both the States and the Centre. However, the draft had robbed the States by creating an excessively centralized structure of authority and vesting overarching powers with the PM-led Rashtriya Shiksha Aayog (RSA)
In promoting the study of regional languages, the importance of English is neglected. Those who are fluent in the English language live in households with three times higher income than those without any knowledge of English. By ignoring this, the Draft NEP19 has laid out a “language trap”, which will create social inequality and impede economic growth due to loss of the demographic dividend
The report does not emphasize enough the role and importance of state governments in imparting education to the masses.

4. The policy has appealed to philanthropists and companies to route their corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds to supplement government efforts, but it forgets that such funds will not be ideologically neutral.

5. Expanding coverage under the RTE Act to include pre-school children is extremely important, but should perhaps be introduced gradually, keeping in mind the quality of infrastructure and teacher vacancies. Amendment of the Act can perhaps wait for a while.

6. The practice of setting up stand-alone technical universities, health science
universities, legal and agricultural universities, or institutions in these or other fields, will be discontinued. However to bring all these institutions under one roof is pretty difficult.
7. Discontinuation of Masters in Philosophy degree.

As everything has certain advantages and disadvantages. So as this . But if the disadvantages can be turned to advantages by bringing certain changes . This policy would turn out to be a more effective one.
Overall , the prospects are nice.



Courtesy :

1.Information collected from: Draft of New Education Policy and other articles.

2. Picture : Google .

Shubhangi